- (1249–1334)Pope.John was born Jacques Duèse in Cahors, France. He was educated at the University of Paris and was appointed Bishop of Fréjus in 1300, Bishop of Avignon in 1310, Cardinal Bishop of Porto in 1312, and was elected Pope in 1316. He was the first of the Avignon Popes and is remembered as an excellent administrator. None the less his reign was troubled by a variety of conflicts. He ruled against the thesis that the poverty of Jesus and his disciples was absolute and he supported the order of Friars Minor in an acrimonious dispute with the Franciscan Spirituals. He excommunicated the Emperor Lewis of Bavaria in 1324, in retaliation for which Lewis organised the Ghibelline League. The allies seized Rome and set up the Spiritual Franciscan Nicholas V as antipope between 1328 and 1330. Lewis also encouraged marsiglio of padua who had written his Defensor Pacis against papal power. At the end of his life, John XXII was involved in a doctrinal controversy on the nature of the beatific vision. This was only finally settled in the reign of Benedict XII.J.N.D. Kelly (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Popes (1986).
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John XXII — Pope John XXII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XXII (JACQUES D EUSE) Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334. He received his early education from the Dominicans in his native… … Catholic encyclopedia
JOHN XXII° — (Jacques Duèse; b. c. 1245), pope at Avignon, 1316–34. Pragmatically adapting his attitude to suit the current situation, John XXII could be called neither benevolent nor severe in his dealings with the Jews. He wished to encourage the conversion … Encyclopedia of Judaism
John XXII — (Jacques Duèse) c1244 1334, French ecclesiastic: pope 1316 34. * * * orig. Jacques Duèse born , Cahors, France died Dec. 4, 1334, Avignon Second Avignon pope (1316–34). The successor to Clement V, he established the papal court at Avignon on a… … Universalium
John XXII — /dʒɒn/ (say jon) noun (Jacques Duèse), 1244?–1334, pope 1316–34 … Australian English dictionary
John XXII — (Jacques Duèse) c1244 1334, French ecclesiastic: pope 1316 34 … Useful english dictionary
John XXII, Pope — • Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John XXII — Pope John XXII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XXII (JACQUES D EUSE) Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334. He received his early education from the Dominicans in his native… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John XXII — Infobox Pope English name=John XXII birth name=Jacques Duèze or d Euse term start=August 7, 1316 term end=December 4, 1334 predecessor=Clement V successor=Benedict XII birth date=1249 birthplace= Cahors, France dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
John Dastin — ((fl. c.1288–c.1334) est un alchimiste anglais du début XIVe siècle. On ne sait rien de sa vie en dehors des textes qui lui sont attribués (un notice biographique De vita, aetate ac scripsis Johannis Dastin se trouve dans un manuscrit du… … Wikipédia en Français
John of Janduno — • An Averroistic philosopher, theologian, and political writer of the fourteenth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. John of Janduno John of Janduno … Catholic encyclopedia